Women's Health

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Women’s health has defined the definition of health in the World Health Organization (WHO) as “a full satisfaction of individuals, not just sickness or disability, but a positive satisfaction from the physical, mental and social aspects, a certain standard and compliance”. In the context of this globally accepted definition, language, religion, ethnicity, gender, etc. every individual has the right to be equally healthy without discrimination.

For this reason, it is necessary to treat women constituting half of the population as a whole in this frame of disease and disability, spiritual, social and even economic aspects and to evaluate them if there is a deficiency. For this reason, women’s health is affected not only by biological factors but also by social, economic and political processes.

The health of the mother and the family is the most important members of our women constitute half of our population, in terms not only for itself but also the health of unborn children is critical and important. In the same context, women’s health should not be considered separately from family health and indirectly from community health.

Within the scope of biological health, it is important that the mother and the fetus are regularly examined and observed during pregnancy planning and pregnancy before pregnancy.

The main reasons for most of the problems related to women’s fertility and women’s health are:

  • Early marriage and puberty pregnancies,
  • Numerous pregnancies and abortions,
  • Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition,
  • Infectious diseases,
  • Negative and unsustainable environmental conditions,
  • The general population in the country and policies that concern women,
  • Family and pregnancy planning,
  • Emergency care and transportation to health care,
  • Violence against women, sexual harassment and rape,
  • Doğum öncesi ve doğum sonrası bakım ile ilgili sorunlarıdır.

Gender discrimination, one of the key determinants of health, has access to health and related services, causing inequalities in the use of health care and essential health resources for the prevention and treatment of diseases.

Women’s health includes the whole range of health services that start from the mother’s womb and continue until childhood, adulthood and old age.

Women’s health includes health services for women during pregnancy, childbirth, and right after birth. Factors affecting women’s health during these periods are generally:

  • The general health status of the woman,
  • The priority given to women by the health system provided by the country, the prevalence of the services, the accessibility and quality,
  • The general population policy in the country,
  • The legal status of abortion and willful abortion,
  • Information, approaches and supports related to contraceptive methods,
  • The level of prenatal planning and care services,
  • The nature of services, possibilities and services of birth,
  • During the puerperium (the period of maternal maternal pregnancy return to prenatal status) care services,
  • The knowledge, approach, understanding,
  • The society’s general cultural, educational and health approach approach and view,
  • Toplumun genel sosyo-ekonomik durumu,
  • The status of women in society (education, employment)
  • Individual factors affecting the general situation (age, education, fertility characteristics, health behaviors, illness, etc.)

For these reasons, women’s health should be evaluated as a whole and services should be offered in combination with preventive measures.

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