Pregnancy and Birth


It is a 9-month period that develops in the mother’s womb after the pregnancy and birth, the pregnancy egg and the sperm fusion event. Birth is the end of the baby’s fetal period, the baby’s cesarean or normal birth at the end of the pregnancy is brought to the world.

As a gynecologist and obstetrician, we aim to contribute to the formation of a healthy mother, healthy pregnancy and healthy baby before, during and after pregnancy. For this reason, it is very important that a woman who has decided to become pregnant has her visit to the first gynecologist before she gets pregnant. In this first examination, information about the general history of the mother candidate is collected and gynecological examination is performed.

The calculation of the duration of pregnancy is done by weekly and 3 monthly periods. the first 3 months baby’s organs begin to develop and at the same time the mother is known to adapt to pregnancy. The second three-month period is a time frame in which the development of the baby accelerates. In the last 3 months, birth preparation starts and lasts until birth.

Pregnancy Symptoms

The most important symptom of pregnancy is delay of menstruation. If there is more delay than 10 days of normal menstrual period, pregnancy may be the issue. In addition to the delay of menstruation, the possibility of becoming pregnant with the following indications becomes very strong:

  • Fullness and sensitivity state in the breasts
  • Nausea and vomitingr
  • Frequent feeling of urination
  • Weakness and fatigue condition
  • Growth in the abdomen due to pregnancy developing in the following period

Certain knowledge of pregnancy tests, ultrasound examination results in the appearance of the baby and the hearth of the baby heartbeat gives the feeling of baby movements in the following week.

What are the physiological changes in pregnancy?

In women, significant changes occur in the whole body and organs with pregnancy. All these changes are in a certain harmony. Organs and specific changes are given below:

  • Respiratory System and Lungs: Lungs with functional capacity due to pregnancy cause difficult breathing. For this reason, pregnancies often suffer from shortness of breath. This problem can also cause fatigue quickly.
  • Circulatory System and Heart: Significant changes occur in the blood circulation system. Blood volume increases and red blood cells increase. Anemia may occur due to an increase in the fluid part of the blood. The heart rhythm may rise and sometimes sudden hypotension may occur.
  • Urinary System: in pregnant women due to pregnancy hormones and increasing the influence of intrauterine pressure, frequent urination and urinary incontinence can sometimes be seen.
  • Digestive System: Decreased in all smooth muscles with the effect of increased progesterone during pregnancy. For example, the operation of the stomach muscles is slow and reflux may occur. Gas problems and constipation occur. Hemorrhoids (hemorrhoids) may develop in some pregnant ladies with the enlargement of the veins in the veins (vein, the name given to the blood vessels that carry back the blood used by the tissues in our bodies).
  • Muscle – Skeletal System: Due to the increase of the body mechanism and the increase of the weight, back pain, hip, leg and foot pain are formed together. For example, numbness in feet, tingling in legs, varicose veins and tiredness can be counted.
  • Skin: Significant changes occur in the skin of women during pregnancy. Color changes in your skin and especially in the belly a lineanigra line (belly drill to the groin extending to the skin is called a dark line) occurs. In your face, a pregnancy mask is formed called chlassma (pregnancy, pregnancy, cut-off period, brownish pigment increase which can occur in one hundred percent of uterus or ovaries in any disease). In addition, acne may occur in the body. Hair becomes dull and may fall out. In particular, cracks may form in the abdomen, chest and legs.
  • Genital organs and breasts: When the pregnancy occurs, tenderness in the breasts increases in fullness and coloration on the nipples, and vascularity can also be seen. From the 8th month of pregnancy, it is possible to see the first smoked colostrum called colostrum (the liquid from the milk that the mammalian creatures give to their newborn offspring after birth). The external genital organs also have color change and tenderness. The discharge may increase and the pain may be felt during sexual intercourse.
What are the physiological changes in pregnancy?

It is recommended that women who are in normal weight before pregnancy should take maximum 10-12 kg during pregnancy. Mothers who are weak before pregnancy are advised to gain 15 kg or more. It is very important that mother is recommended in terms of being able to feed your own baby and that it is healthy because of this. Pre-pregnant, overweight pregnant mothers during the entire pregnancy only 8-10 kg is recommended to take. Excess weight can be very distressing in terms of pregnancy.

Things to be Considered in Pregnancy

There are certain conditions that the mother should take care of for the healthy, normal and smooth passage of the pregnancy. In this way, both mother and baby will have completed a 9-month, 10-day journey with a more peaceful and better quality.

mother should be more careful and attentive to change her lifestyle after conception. It is necessary to prepare yourself for a period of time that requires change from head to toe, up to some habits that are held from the daily diet.

Do not forget that everything is meant to be healthier for the future baby …

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