The cyst is a mass containing fluid, surrounded by tissue called the cyst wall.
Cysts form in all tissues in the body, but in the organs outside the ovaries, the cysts give symptoms more quickly. One of the reasons for this is that the functional disorder of the cysts that occur in these organs is neen. In ovarian cysts, this is usually not the case, it takes time to be noticed.
Causes of ovarian cysts
The leading cause of ovarian cysts is hormonal disorders. Normally, in each period, the egg cells carrying the ovaries and the size can reach 3 cma follicular cyst is formed. Then these cysts are cracked and the egg turns on. If the egg is fertilized with sperm, the pregnancy occurs. If the egg is not fertilized, the egg is thrown out with the egg pieces 14 days later.
However, if there is a hormonal disorder in the female, the egg-bearing cysts do not crack and continue to grow to form the follicle cyst.
Symptoms of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts often do not cause a complaint because the ovaries are difficult to contact with other organs. It is usually detected during routine uterine examinations.
Pain is rare. Rarely, the cysts may turn around (torsion) or develop severe pain (rupture).
The most common indication of ovarian cysts is as follows:
- Irregular period
- bloating and abdominal pain
- Digestive system disorders
- Urinary tract complaints
Types of ovarian cysts
- Inclusion Cyst: It is a cyst with no functional responsibility and is microscopic in size. If it does occur, it does not cause symptoms and is not noticed by ultrasound. Many experts argue that these cysts may be the leading cause of long-term malignant (malignant) ovarian cancer.
- Follicular cyst: It is the most common type of ovarian cyst in young people. They do not usually cause symptoms, but they can cause menstrual delay. As explained above, the female egg cell does not crack and it continues to grow. Their size is usually 2-3 centimeters and does not require treatment. They do not create any complications. Occasionally, birth control pills can be used to reduce this type of cyst.
- The corpus luteum cyst:After each egg laying, the tissue of the egg cell is differentiated into a tissue called the corpus luteum, and if pregnancy occurs, progesterone (the hormone’s task is to provide the woman organism for a pregnancy that can occur) from the placenta (from the first week of pregnancy to the mother- produced. Sometimes this tissue becomes cystic and is called the corpus luteum cyst. It is usually 3-4 cm long. Since it produces hormone secretion, it can cause menstrual delay. If no complication develops, treatment is not required. It disappears spontaneously.
- Teka-lutein cyst: Often due to excessive hormone secretion, they are seen bilaterally (in both ovaries) in areas of infertility treatment. Treatment requires bed rest and close follow-up from an expert.
- Pregnancy luteoma:Cysts seen during pregnancy, sometimes growing up to 20 cm. At the end of the pregnancy, they may disappear or stay .
80-85% of ovarian cysts are well behaved and are usually seen in women between the ages of 20-44. Hormonal disorder can cause infertility if the causes of the formation are.
Examination and ultrasonography are sufficient for the diagnosis of ovarian cyst. Advanced radiological examinations are required for cancer.
Treatment of ovarian cysts
Treatment depends on the type of ovarian cystin. Simple cysts are usually followed and contraceptive pills are used.
Antibiotic treatment is applied in inflammatory cysts. Cysts that are more than 8-10 cm in diameter or that grow continuously and that are likely to be malignant in ultrasound and blood tests are removed by surgical intervention.
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