The result of balanced hormone functioning in women is regular menstruation every month. Once the hormones have started to appear, it is possible to see menstrual irregularities up to a certain level within the first few years.
The same irregularity refers to the “perimenopause” -menopause before menstruation, in which women’s appetites are nearer to the end, and also before menopause. In females, the termination of menstruation, termed menopause, ends with the last menstrual period
the absence of menstruation except in certain physiological conditions such as menopause is called “amenore” in medical language.
In females there is a strong link between fertility and menstruation. Before the adolescence period, the female child who has not yet developed menstrual functions has become fertile with the ability to start to see menstruation.
The birth of the pregnancy during the laying periods is provided by menstruation.
- What menstruate?
It means bleeding out the endometrium of the uterus. The period can be examined by separating three phases:
- First period:“Follicular Phase”, where the egg is selected and matured to reach a diameter of 20 mm
- Second period: the mature egg from the ovary thrown into the form of a small explosion ‘Ovulation Phase’
- The third term :is the “Secretariat Phase” which is prepared for the uterus until the embryo is settled in case of conception.
If pregnancy occurs in this developmental process, the appearance of the embryo in the uterus stops the function of menstruation by special mechanisms in the uterus resulting from the changing hormonal structure.
If pregnancy does not occur, intrauterine tissue is thrown out of the vagina through menstruation because the level of the progesterone hormone falls in the ovary. If the uterine inner jealousy is suddenly and completely dismissed, this is called “maw” and this can be painful.
What does it mean to see regular menstruation?
Many organs work together in order for women to have menstruation. Hypothalamus region, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, ovaries, uterus, vagina, and female vulva in the genital area are menstrual if they are functionally healthy.
If any of these organs has a disorder or disorder in their function or if the body gives an abnormal signal on many occasions in cases such as illness, stress, hunger, extreme sports, menstruation may be disrupted.
what is the reason of not having Menstruation ?
When a woman who does not see a number is examined by a specialist, the physician first obtains information about her complaints in detail about the patient, is there a genetic issue and how is breast development, how is body development, body mass index (BMI) is normal, how do ultrasonographic examinations of genital organs (FSH, LH, TSH, Estradiol, TSH) and biochemical values are checked if a hormonal disorder is suspected.
External genital organ examination is necessary to assess the vaginal opening, to diagnose birth defects and birth defects. Sometimes a very simple hymen can be the reason for the absence of menstruation and can be corrected by a simple surgical intervention.
In the case of a woman who sees a number, the condition of anorexia (anovulation) as well as subsequent amenorede hormonal disorders are examined. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCO) may be the most common disease.
Women who do not see the number should consult the doctor for further investigation of the underlying congenital and post-emergent causes and should be examined in detail.
Reasons for not seeing menstruation
Women who are not menstruated should be questioned whether they are menopausal regardless of their age. Menopause in women can develop even under the age of 40 or even under 20 years. Especially, the family story is an important deterrent. Some causes of menopause (menopause), some genetic diseases, smoking, chronic diseases, drugs, chemo / radiotherapy can also be the cause of early menopause. Especially when the child is wanted, it is appropriate for the women to consider the irregularity of the menstruation and to apply to a specialist doctor without delay.
The low level of the prolactin hormone may cause it to be discontinued. Prolactin, also known as milk hormone, is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland secreted in both women and men.
In life-threatening situations such as anorexia, which is more common in young people (eating less, sleeping less), bulumi (vomiting) severe depression, and in the case of sleep disorders, there may be menstrual disorders.
Turner Syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes rare occasional menopausal manifestations, such as short stature, flexible arms, nuchal hair line due to missing chromosome formation, and other indications.
Likewise, birth control pills, three-month prevention needles, spiral (hormone) use, after the abortion can not be done if the uterine recovery. These are temporary complaints, with treatment coming back to normal.
What is the amount of normal menstruation?
In women, menstrual bleeding normally lasts 2 – 8 days and an average of 3 pads may be bleeding per day. However, in case of spiral use, the duration is 10 days and daily bleeding is 4 pediatric. Excessive bleeding in this case can cause many stresses, especially anemia in women.
Women may reduce their bleeding by using pain medication with the permission of the doctor during menstruation.
Excessive menstrual bleeding is the situation ‘of fibroids, polyps, hyperplasia, infection, cancer, …’ as a pathological condition of the display and can be diagnosed with a gynecological examination.
Blood coagulation diseases and blood thinners (such as aspirin, heparin) can also increase bleeding.
Unexplained bleeding and long duration of menstrual bleeding
irregular menstruation, is an excessive amount of bleeding or long driving status of ovulation to status and hormone disorders, fibroids, polyps, hyperplasia, cancer, infection, ectopic pregnancy, drug use, thyroid disease, adenomyosis (uterine endometrial tissue should limit the inner face only uterus which means thickening of the uterine muscle layer with gradual progression towards the muscle layer).
menstrual irregularities, especially after the age of 35 if it is necessary for the detection and diagnosis of uterine or to take part through the hysteroscope.
Appropriate treatment method is determined according to the diagnosis. In general, the use of medication for treatment may suffice, but in some cases surgical intervention may be necessary.
Your health is important to us. If you have any questions on these matters, Please contact Tugrul Abacioglu from the phone numbers below and make an appointment.