Birth control is the number of methods used to reduce or completely eliminate the possibility of becoming pregnant. These methods can be applied to both women and men for family planning purposes.
The most commonly used modern methods for women are pills and intra-uterine spirals that prevent pregnancy. Other contraceptive methods for women are diaphragm, tablet and wick, which kill male progeny cells, and female tubes called tube ligation.
Female Birth Control Methods:
1. Method of birth control: via pill intake
Oral pills contain feminine hormones. Pills have two important effects. These prevent (1) the formation of the egg in the female, and (2) thicken the secretions in the cervix to prevent sperm access to the uterus. The use of pills is a very effective method, but should be taken regularly every day at the same time. If the pill is not taken regularly and is forgotten, the risk of becoming pregnant occurs. Women who have never been pregnant before can easily use it.
a. What are the positive aspects of taking a pill?
– Ensure that these periods irregular as the menses continue
– with premenstrual pains caused by menstruation reduces tension.
– By reducing the amount of menstrual blood, reduce blood loss from the body.
– Protect the woman against ovarian and uterine cancers.
– If a cyst is present in a woman’s ovaries or tits, it prevents these cysts from growing.
– It prevents the possibility of ectopic pregnancy in women.
– Prevents inflammation in the woman’s womb and tubes.
– Women in the formation of acne and pimples and allow recovery if necessary.
– There are no disadvantages in the use of women Never given birth.
b. Negative Aspects:
– You have to remember getting a pill every day. Immediate pregnancy may occur when stop taking it .
– Nausea can occur. Pills can be taken before and after sleeping at night before bedtime.
– Women may be weight gain on first use. It is good with sports and diet.
– Some women may have blood pressure problems. Therefore, it may be necessary to follow the blood pressure.
c. Conditions Not to Be Used:
– Do not use those that may be a regular pill problem
– Do not use this method until you have identified irregular menstrual problems
– Do not use those who are diagnosed with diabetes
– Do not use those diagnosed with liver failure
– Those with high blood pressure problems
– Those with vascular disease (congestion, redness in the legs, swelling and signs of pain)
– In particular, nausea, vomiting should not be used with those with severe headache.
2. Birth control method: Intrauterine device (Spiral) use
The instruments placed in the uterus, for example spiral, are made from a flexible material. The spiral prevents the sperm from reaching the woman’s tubes. In case of removal, this obstacle will be removed. Spiral can be placed in health care facilities such as hospitals, health centers, maternal and child health centers and family planning centers.
a. Positive aspects
– An effective method to prevent pregnancy
– There are several things that are known to block pregnancy for 10-12 years
– it does not affect the sexual life
b. Negative Aspects
– In particular, it may prolong the menstrual period in the first few months and the amount of bleeding may increase, but this is temporary.
– Pain may occur during menstrual periods and this can be prevented by pain reliever
– Not suitable for those who have a sexually transmitted disease.
– Sliding over time reduces the protection
3. Method of birth control: by means of needles (in the form of vaccine or hormone)
Needles used for contraception contain hormones. There may be monthly or quarterly doses. The hormone is released with a slow release. In this way, similar to the formation of the egg and the pills, spremin is prevented from reaching the uterus (ovary) by thickening secretions in the cervix.
4. Birth control method: Through the use of diaphragm
The woman is a thin plastic lid placed in the cervix. This prevents male sperm from reaching the uterus in the uterus and prevents pregnancy. The biggest handicap is that the woman has to place the diaphragm before each sexual intercourse, after the intercourse.
5. Methods of birth control: Tablets and worms (spermicides) that destroy male sperm
Tablets and wicks, which destroy male sperm, should be inserted into the vagina by the woman before sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy. In this way, the substances used destroy sperm without reaching the ovum (egg) and prevent pregnancy.
6. Method of contraception: through the connection of women’s tubes (tube ligation)
It is a permanent and irreversible method that a woman can use to protect her from pregnancy. It is one of the most effective gestational prevention methods. Since the tubing acts only as a bridge between the ovary and the uterus, there is no effect other than the connection of the tubes to prevent your pregnancy.
Male Birth Control Methods:
- Birth control method: Condom use
The condom is a tool that is wrapped like a sheath on the penis, which prevents the sperm from going to the vagina by holding the sperm at the tip of the condom during the relationship and thus prevents getting pregnant. It avoids premature ejaculation besides being protected. Protect both sexual partners against sexually transmitted infections such as AIDS, gonorrhea and syphilis.
2. Method of contraception: attachment of the ducts of the male (vasectomy)
It is a non-irreversible contraceptive method that can be used to protect a woman from pregnancy by connecting the male sperm ducts. It’s a small operation in the hospital. Sexual life can not affect the negative direction.
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